Open ports are ports that’s open to the world. Often these open ports provides an open window into your home, you should have as little of these possible.
There are two lists displayed here. First are open ports detected using UPNP protocol. These are opened by another device. If you tap into it, Firewalla will provide details. If you do not need this, you can block it.
Next list are open ports done through an external scan. These are ports are very likely be opened by you using port mapping on the router. (or by the router). If you do not know why these ports are open, please check your router ‘port mapping’ settings.